Whether you call them town squares, city squares, urban squares, plazas, piazzas, market squares, or public squares, these open spaces in the heart of a community are usually where everyone gathers for cultural events, political rallies, or simply to have a cup of coffee. They're most often rectangular in shape, with a monument, statue or fountain at the center. Many (especially in Europe) exist for thousands of years, but became quite common in 18th-century urban planning. They were the location of government buildings, palaces and town halls, and came to have the city's most monumental architecture.
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