Westerners have been mistreating Egyptian mummies for centuries. European apothecaries sold powdered mummy as a medicine as late as the 20th century. For hundreds of years, artists painted with "mummy brown," a pigment made of ground-up mummy. Victorian aristocrats collected them, in some cases unwrapping them as a public spectacle. In 1833, a prominent French monk remarked that "it would be hardly respectable, on one's return from Egypt, to present oneself without a mummy in one hand and a crocodile in the other."
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